Companies established in the Abu Dhabi Global Market are expected to implement and maintain a robust corporate governance framework.
The new implementing regulations on AML following Cabinet Decision No. (10) of 2019 will also have effects on the obligations of companies setup in the ADGM. A UAE Economic Substance Law is also imminent, which may place additional requirements on companies that wish to claim tax relief under existing Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements.
Basic corporate governance
At a minimum, corporate governance involves compliance with the rules that are applicable to a company, both from external agencies (licensing bodies) and internally (Memorandum and Articles of Association) as well. Well-documented corporate governance processes, coupled with adherence to recommended best-practices, allows for the company’s management to maintain a good relationship with internal and external stakeholders.
This is even more relevant to startups, that seek funding at various stages of their business. Investors give high importance to robust internal processes, backed by sound management, for these serve as basic building blocks to well-performing businesses.
Also, Read- ADGM Licensing Categories And Their Advantages
Special Purpose Vehicles and Non-regulated businesses in the ADGM
Resident Directors – not required
Resident Manager – Preferred where visas are to be applied in the name of the company, and for bank account operations.
Resident Authorised Signatory - Mandatory
Resident Secretary – not required
Not required. We recommend a meeting of the Board at least once every quarter.
Not required. We recommend holding an Annual General Meeting, as good corporate practice. The management/audited accounts can be tabled at the AGM.
The company license is renewable annually, and due on the anniversary of license issuance.
The establishment card is renewable annually, and due on the anniversary of issuance.
Renewable every three years. The medical test will have to be undertaken again.
Maintaining Books of Accounts
This is required. The accounts have to be submitted to the ADGM Registration Authority (RA) within 9 months from the accounting reference date.
The ADGM RA has the following rules for submission of accounts (within 9 months from the accounting reference date)
- Small companies with turnover of not more than US$ 2.5 million - unaudited balance sheet, signed by the director of the company
- Medium-sized companies with turnover of more than US$ 2.5 million - audited accounts by ADGM-recognized Auditors, and directors report
Mandatory submission of renewed license annually.
It is mandatory to maintain records of corporate changes in the company, and submit the annual return to the ADGM RA, as part of the license renewal process.
All statutory corporate registers have to be maintained on a continual basis. These include :
- Register of Shareholders
- Register of Directors
- Register of Charges
- Register of Board Minutes
- UBO Register
The ADGM Company has to register with the Commissioner of Data Protection at the time of licensing, and renew this registration on an annual basis.
Mandatory for all qualifying companies. In practice, the returns are currently submitted quarterly, and due by the 28th day following the end of the tax period. In addition to this, any material corporate changes (e.g. licensed activities, authorised signatories) should be updated within 20 days of the date of occurrence.
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